We often hear only the pro- and anti- positions in debates about lecturing. I want to advocate a more nuanced perspective: There is no such thing as lecturing. There are many different things that get lumped together under that one term.
This image from France over 100 years ago predicts what school will look like in the 21st century: Students still sitting in rows but literally plugged into a knowledge machine. Fascinating as a commentary on education, it also raises questions for us to ponder about teaching and learning today. In particular, where did the dream of “knowing without learning” come from and why does it persist today?